Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.
Standard English refers to the authoritative and correct use of the language, the medium of expression for government and education. Its opposite is a dialectal variant of the language, that is, accepted and recognized words, expressions and structures peculiar to a smaller group of language users who are generally set apart from standard usage by cultural group or geographical region. For example, Nigerian, American, Irish and British English differ from one another in many respects and each is identifiable, yet in every case the standard (formal) variety approaches a single and hypothetical classification known as International English. As one moves towards informality and away from the observance of strict rules, emphasis falls on the difference between dialects. In addition to American English being distinguishable from British English, it is also true that British English is not uniform within the United Kingdom. The level of formality is determined by education and aspiration, while dialects vary from region to region.
1. One characteristic of a dialect as mentioned in the passage is its
A. possession of variants
C. distinction from British English
D. restricted area of usage
A. standard varieties
C. different languages
D. different styles
3. The author considers International English
A. an arbitrary classification
B. an informal standard
C an imaginary classification
D. a recognized formal standard
4. The observance of strict rules is a feature of
5 Choose the most appropriate option nearest in meaning to the italicized or bold
word/phrase. He was under pressure to retract his statement before the panel.
6. Choose the most appropriate option nearest in meaning to the italicized bold
word/phrase His family wishes he would stop his nefarious activities
7. Choose the most appropriate option opposite in meaning to the italicized or bold
word/phrase.. The nouveau riche tend to be niggardly in their ways.
8. Choose the most appropriate option nearest in meaning to the italicized word/phrase.
Mrs Ojodu may be well-heeled but her dressing is often tasteless.
9 Which of the following highlighted consonants is pronounced differently from the others?
10. Which of these words has a vowel pronounced differently from the others?
1. The pigment in the malpighian layer responsible for skin colouration is known as …….
A. haemoglobin B. haemocyanin C. haemoerythrin D. melanin 2. The brain and the spinal cord make up the ……………………
A. autonomic nervous system B. peripheral nervous system C. central nervous system D. sympathetic nervous system 3. Which of the following specialised structures are stimulated by touch, pressure, pain, heat and cold?
A. relay neurones B. receptors C. synapse D. myelin sheath 4. Which of the following does not occur during photosynthesis? …….
A. Energy from sunlight is absorbed B. Carbon dioxide is evolved C. Water is split D. Oxygen is given off 5. Even though some flowering plants contain accessory pigments which give them colours, they still
contain the pigment …….
A. melanin B. chlorophyll C. xanthophylls D. carotene 6. In a water cultured experiment, a plant showed poor growth and yellowing of the leaves. These
symptoms were probably due to the absence of ………….
A. calcium B. phosphorus C. iron D. zinc 7. Terrestrial organisms which are capable of maintaining their body temperatures constant within fairly
close limits are referred to as …….
A. thermoclines B. eurytherms C poikilotherms D. homotherms 8. During blood transfusion, agglutination may occur as a result of the reaction between ….
A. similar antigens and antibodies
B. two different antigens
C. two different antibodies
D. contrasting antigens and antibodies 9. Which of the following is not a constituent of DNA? ……
A. Phosphate B. Cytosine C. Deoxyribose D. Uracil 10. Species can be defined as the group of organisms that …………………….
A. resemble each other and live in the same habitat
B. are of common origin and always found together
C. resemble each other and can interbreed freely
D. resemble each other and found in the same niche
1. Which desert is the driest on earth?
2. Which precious stones are found in the Namib desert in Africa?
3. In 1988, how many Chinese lived in caves?
4. In which organ of the body is Insulin produced?
5. Where were the 1992 Winter Olympics held?
A. Albertville, France
B. Marseille, France
C. Ottawa, Canada
D. Ontario, Canada
6. In which century was Joan of Arc burnt at the stake?
A. 15th Century
B. 14th Century
C. 13th Century
D. 12th Century
7. How is it known when a new Pope has been elected?
A. The death of the former Pope is announced
B. The Pope’s Valet goes on air
C. White smoke comes out of the Vatican chimney
D. The bell of Saint Peter’s Basilica sounds three times
8. What is the meaning of the Latin phrase prima facie?
B. At first sight
C. On this basis
D. At the primary level
9. Which sport is played in a Velodrome?
D. Pole vault
10. Which vitamin is produced by the action of ultraviolet light on the skin?